Hi, I'm Lu!

A PhD Student at University of Chicago who loves discovering the world and trying new eats! Hope you enjoy!

Hot springs on a cold day

Pamukkale in the Denizli Province of Turkey is known for its hot springs (Figure 1). Figure 1. Pamukkale hot springs

The hot springs in this area are a result of hot water that rises from a series of fault lines in this area.  As the water runs along the earth’s surface, it deposits a jelly-like calcium carbonate, which hardens into travertine.  This is how we get these gorgeous white steppes (Figure 2), giving Pamukkale a nickname of “the cotton castle”.

Figure 2. Steppes

At the section of the hot springs we went to, there was a river of hot water (Figure 3) depositing calcium carbonate.  However, recently, much of the water from the hot springs has been taken away for nearby hotel pools.  Because there is a lack of this natural water, algae have been growing incessantly over the shallow pools, making the surface a slippery slide.

Figure 3. River of hot springs

In the past, people used to bath in the hot springs, but now, you are only allowed to walk barefoot on these warm, glacier-like formations (Figure 4).

Figure 4. Andrew walking barefoot at the hot springs

Don’t miss out on the section that is a bit dried out but still with a river running through (Figure 5).

Figure 5. The dried out area

Figure 5b. A river running through the dryer part of the hot springs

There are many dogs in this area (Figure 6), but be careful to keep your socks somewhere safe while you walk on the travertine or else you may find them stolen by some unexpected burglars (Figure 7).

Figure 6. Puppies at Pamukkale

Figure 7. Puppies with socks

The food here is not exactly fit for any sort of castle, but if you want an audience with cats and dogs (Figure 8), you may want to get some.

Figure 8. Cats and dogs waiting to be fed

The ancient city of Hieropolis was built on this palace of clouds, but now, all that is left of it is an entire path of grand sarcophagi (Figure 9).

Figure 9. Broken sarcophagi of Hieropolis


  1. Take a walk over the hot springs, but make sure you don’t slip on the algae!  Plant your feet with every step!
  2. Hide your socks.
  3. Make sure you don't drop your phone into the hot springs or it might get calcified... (Figure 10).P1020355 Calcified cell phone


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